Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation of Mobile Phones on Sperms Shape and Number in Male Albino Mice
Keywords:Radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation, Mobile, Sperm shape abnormalities, Sperm count
The majority of adult populations throughout the world currently use and are exposed to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation emitted from mobile phones, and male infertility accounts for around half of all cases worldwide. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impacts of radiation from mobile phones on morphology and the number of sperm in male albino mice in both talking and non-talking modes. In this investigation, twenty-four mice were used and separated into three groups each of eight mice. The first group was the control group; exposed to a switched-off mobile phone for two hours per day. While, the second group was exposed to a mobile phone with non-talking mode for 2 hours per day, and the third group to a mobile phone in talking mode for 20 minutes per day. All mice were tested for sperm shape abnormalities and sperm count tests after six weeks of treatment. Results of the current work showed that exposed group G3 (mobile phone in talking mode) have significant changes in sperms shape and decline in sperm count in comparison with control group (G1). While the limited handling of mobile phone without talking (for about two hours per a day, G2 group) has no bad effects on sperms morphology and concentration in compare with the control group (G1).
- Agarwal, A., Desai, N.R., Makker, K., Varghese, A., Mouradi, R., Sabanegh, E., et al. 2009. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study. Fertil Steril;92:1318–25.
- Agarwal,, A., Singh A., Hamada, A., and Kesari, K. 2011. Cell phones and male infertility: a review of recent innovations in technology and consequences. Int Braz J Urol;37:432–54.
- Erogul, O., Oztas, E., Yildirim, I., Kir, T., Aydur, E., Komesli, G., et al. 2006. Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular phone on human sperm motility: An in vitro study. Arch Med Res;37:840–3.
- Oftedal, G., Wilen, J., Sandstrom, M., and Mild, K. 2000. Symptoms experiences in connection with mobile phone use. Occup Med;50:237–45.
- Braune, S., Wrocklage, C., Raczek, J., Gailus, T., and Lucking, C. 1998. Resting blood pressure increase during exposure to a radio-frequency electromagnetic field. Lancet;351:1857–8.
- Huber, R., Graf, T., Cote, K.,Wittmann, L., Gallmann, E.,Matter, D., et al. 2000. Exposure to pulsed highfrequency electromagnetic field duringwaking affects human sleep EEG. Neuroreport;11:3321–5.
- La Vignera, S., Condorelli, R.A., Vicari, E., D'Agata, R., and Calogero, A.E. 2012. Effects of the exposure tomobile phones on male reproduction:a review of the literature. J Androl;33:350–6.
- Kesari, K., Kumar, S., and Behari, J. 2010. Mobile phone usage andmale infertility in wistar rats. Indian J Exp Biol;48:987–92.
- Mailankot, M., Kunnath, A.P., Jayalekshmi, H., Koduru, B., and Valsalan, R. 2009. Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8 GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats. Clinics;64:561–5.
- Dasdag, S., Zulkuf Akdag, M., Aksen, F., Yilmaz, F., Bashan, M., Mutlu Dasdag, M., and Salih Celik, M. (2003). Whole body exposure of rats to microwaves emitted from a cell phone does not affect the testes. Bioelectromagnetics;24:182–188.
- Dkhil, M.A., Danfour, M.A., and Al-Quraishy, S. 2011. Sperm function is affected by the electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phone. African Journal of Microbiology Research; 5(27), 4896-4900.
- Fejes, I., Zavaczki, Z., Szollosi, J., Koloszar, S., Daru, J., Kovacs, L., et al. 2005. Is there a relationship between cell phone use and semen quality? Arch Androl;51:385–93.
- Feijo, C., Verza Junior, S., Esteves, S.C. 2011. Lack of evidence that radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) emitted by cellular phones impact semen parameters of Brazilian men. Hum Reprod;26:I139–40.
-Syam, H.H., Effendi, J.S., Madjid, T.H., Djuwantono, T., Permadi, W., Irsyad, B. 2017. Does Mobile Phone Radiation Affect Sperm Quality? Open Access Library Journal; 4: e3711.
- Adams, J.A., Galloway, T.S., Mondal, D., Esteves, S.C., and Mathews, F. 2014. Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environment International; 70: 106–112.
- Depinder, F., Makkler, K., and Agarwal, A. 2007. Cell phones and male infertility: dissecting the relationship. Reprod Biomed Online;3:266–270.
-World Health Organization, Department of Reproductive Health and Research. 2010. World Health Organization Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen, (5th Ed.). WHO Press Geneva, Switzerland.
- Avendano, C., Mata, A., Sanchez, Sarmiento C., and Doncel, G. 2012. Use of laptop computers connected to internet through Wi-Fi decreases human spermmotility and increases sperm DNA fragmentation. Fertil Steril;97:39–45.
- Aziz, F. M., Maulood, I., and Chawsheen, M. A. H. 2012. Effects of melatonin, vitamin Cand E alone or in combination on lead-induced injury in liver and kidney organs of rats. IOSR Journal of Parmacy, 2, 13-18.
-Yaseen, N.J., and Al-Attar, M.S.M. 2014. Protective Effects of Punica granatum Seed Extract Against Ifosfamide Induced Sperm Abnormalities in Male Albino Mice. Zanco Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences; 26 (2): 97-104.
- Shetty, S.D., and Bairy, L.K. 2015. Effect of sorafenib on sperm count and sperm motility in male Swiss albino mice. Jou Adv Pharm Technol Res;6:165-9.
- Challis, L.J. 2005. Mechanisms for interaction between RF fields and biological tissue. Bioelectromagnetics; 7:98–106.
-De Iuliis, G., Newey, R., King, B., and Aitken, R. 2009. Mobile phone radiation induces reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage in human spermatozoa in vitro. PLoS One; 4(7):e6446.
- Yan, J.G., Agresti, M., Bruce, T., Yan, Y.H., Granlund, A., and Matloub, H.S. 2007. Effects of cellular phone emissions on sperm motility in rats. Fertil Steril.;88(4):957–964.
- Aitken, R.J., Bennetts, L.E., Sawyer, D., Wiklendt, A.M., and King, B.V. 2005. Impact of radio frequency electromagnetic radiation on DNA integrity in the male germline. Int J Androl;28:171–179.
- Meo, S.A., Arif, M., Rashied, S., Khan M.M., Vohra, M.S., Usmani, A.M., Imran, M.B., and Al Drees, A.M. 2011. Hypospermatogenesis and spermatozoa maturation arrest in rats induced by mobile phone radiation. Jou Coll Physicians Surg Pak.; 21:262–265.
- Lee, H.J., Pack, J.K., Kim, T.H., Kim, N., Choi, S.Y., Lee, J.S., Kim, S.H., and Lee, Y.S. 2010. The lack of histological changes of CDMA cellular phone-based radio frequency on rat testis. Bioelectromagnetics; 31:528–534.
Copyright (c) 2022 Natheer Jameel Yaseen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.