Comparison of Specific Wear Rates of Austenitic and Super Austenitic Stainless Steels at High Temperatures

Authors

  • Dler Ahmed Department of Mechanical &Mechatronics, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University -Erbil, Iraq
  • Mohammedtaher Mulapeer Department of Mechanical &Mechatronics, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University -Erbil, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21271/ZJPAS.34.5.3

Keywords:

S30400, S31254, Specific wear rate, High temperature, SEM, XRD, Oxide phase

Abstract

    Due to the relatively high wear rate of the austenitic stainless steel S30400 and the high mechanical properties of the super austenitic stainless steel S31254, it was possible to compare the wear behavior of the two alloys and select the best alloy to extend the service life of sliding parts. In this work, wear tests were performed at five different temperatures (30°C, 140°, 300°C, 460°C, and 570°C) at constant sliding speed, applied load, and sliding distance for both alloys. The specific wear rate of S31254 was more than 50% lower compared to S30400 at the different temperatures, except at 570°C, where it was only 16%. According to scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, oxide formation on the worn surfaces started at 300°C and increased with increasing temperature. The oxide layers protected the surface and reduced wear and material removal. Overall, S31254 exhibited better wear resistance at various temperatures.

References

Abreu, C. M. et al. (2015) ‘Wear and corrosion performance of two different tempers (T6 and T73) of AA7075 aluminium alloy after nitrogen implantation’, Applied Surface Science. Elsevier B.V., 327, pp. 51–61. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.11.111.

Ahmed, D. A. and Mulapeer, M. M. (2021) ‘Modeling Wear Rate of Super Austenitic Stainless Steel S31254 at Elevated Temperature by Response Surface Methodology’, Design Engineering (TORONTO), (8), pp. 4334–4348.

Alabdullah, M. et al. (2017) ‘Effect of Microstructure on Chip Formation during Machining of Super Austenitic Stainless Steel’, International Journal of Materials Forming and Machining Processes, 4(1), pp. 1–18. doi: 10.4018/ijmfmp.2017010101.

Alabdullah, M., Polishetty, A. and Littlefair, G. (2016) ‘Impacts of Wear and Geometry Response of the Cutting Tool on Machinability of Super Austenitic Stainless Steel’, International Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, 2016. doi: 10.1155/2016/7213148.

Alvi, S., Saeidi, K. and Akhtar, F. (2020) ‘High temperature tribology and wear of selective laser melted (SLM) 316L stainless steel’, Wear. Elsevier B.V., 448–449(January), p. 203228. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2020.203228.

ASTM E8 (2010) ‘ASTM E8/E8M standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials 1’, Annual Book of ASTM Standards 4, (C), pp. 1–27. doi: 10.1520/E0008.

ASTM International (2012) ‘E407-07: Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys’, ASTM International., West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 1–21.

ASTM Standard E92-82 (1997) ‘ASTM E92-82 Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials’, Annual Book of ASTM Standards 4, 82(Reapproved), pp. 1–27.

Avilaa, B. M. R. et al. (2020) ‘Cold Deformation and Hardness on Superaustenitic Stainless Steel: Evaluation Methods’, Materials Research, 23(4). doi: 10.1590/1980-5373-MR-2020-0210.

Bahshwan, M. et al. (2020) ‘The role of microstructure on wear mechanisms and anisotropy of additively manufactured 316L stainless steel in dry sliding’, Materials and Design. The Authors, 196, p. 109076. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2020.109076.

Bayata, F. and Alpas, A. T. (2021) ‘The high temperature wear mechanisms of iron-nickel steel (NCF 3015) and nickel based superalloy (inconel 751) engine valves’, Wear. Elsevier B.V., 480–481(September 2020), p. 203943. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2021.203943.

Chawla, K. et al. (2013) ‘Investigation of tribological behavior of stainless steel 304 and grey cast iron rotating against EN32 steel using pin on disc apparatus’, IOSR Journal of Mechanical, 9(4), pp. 18–22.

Davanageri, M. B., Narendranath, S. and Kadoli, R. (2018) ‘Finite Element Wear Behaviour Modeling of Super duplex stainless steel AISI 2507 Using Ansys’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 376(1). doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/376/1/012131.

Davanageri, M. B., Narendranath, S. and Kadoli, R. (2019) ‘Modeling and Optimization of Wear Rate of AISI 2507 Super Duplex Stainless Steel’, Silicon, 11(2), pp. 1023–1034.

Ge, S. et al. (2019) ‘Preparation and characterization of a new type of 304 stainless steel metalocking key’, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 358(5). doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/358/5/052062.

Hernandez, S. et al. (2014) ‘High temperature friction and wear mechanism map for tool steel and boron steel tribopair’, Tribology - Materials, Surfaces and Interfaces, 8(2), pp. 74–84. doi: 10.1179/1751584X13Y.0000000049.

Kennedy, F. E., Lu, Y. and Baker, I. (2015) ‘Contact temperatures and their influence on wear during pin-on-disk tribotesting’, Tribology International. Elsevier, 82(PB), pp. 534–542. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2013.10.022.

Li, L. et al. (2019) ‘Enhanced Wear Resistance of Iron-Based Alloy Coating Induced by Ultrasonic Impact’, coatings, 804(9), pp. 1–14.

Marques, F. et al. (2011) ‘Influence of heat treatments on the micro-abrasion wear resistance of a superduplex stainless steel’, Wear. Elsevier B.V., 271(9–10), pp. 1288–1294. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2010.12.087.

Method, S. T. (2011) ‘Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus 1’, Wear, 05(Reapproved 2010), pp. 1–5. doi: 10.1520/G0099-05R10.2.

Moharana, B. R. et al. (2016) ‘Experimental investigation on mechanical and microstructural properties of AISI 304 to Cu joints by CO2 laser’, Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. Elsevier B.V., 19(2), pp. 684–690. doi: 10.1016/j.jestch.2015.10.004.

Monga, A., Gumber, S. and Grover, H. (2018) ‘Study of Abrasion Wear and Factors Affecting Wear Rate’, Advance Research in Sciense and enginering, 7(23198354), pp. 113–120.

Parthasarathi, N. L. . and Duraiselvam, M. (2010) ‘Improvement of High Temperature Wear Resistance of AISI 316 ASS through NiCrBSiCFe Plasma Spray Coating’, Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 09(07), pp. 653–670. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.97047.

Parthasarathi, N. L., Borah, U. and Albert, S. K. (2013) ‘Correlation between coefficient of friction and surface roughness in dry sliding wear of AISI 316 L (N) stainless steel at elevated temperatures’, Computer Modelling and New Technologies, 17(1), pp. 51–63.

Polishetty, A., Alabdullah, M. and Littlefair, G. (2017) ‘Tool Wear Analysis due to Machining in Super Austenitic Stainless Steel’, MATEC Web of Conferences, 95, pp. 4–7. doi: 10.1051/matecconf/20179505006.

Qiao, Y. et al. (2019) ‘Effect of solution treatment on cavitation erosion behavior of high-nitrogen austenitic stainless steel’, Wear. Elsevier B.V., 424–425(January), pp. 70–77. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2019.01.098.

Rababa, K. S. and Al-Mahasne, M. M. (2011) ‘Effect of roller burnishing on the mechanical behavior and surface quality of O1 alloy steel’, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 3(3), pp. 227–233.

Sampath, P. S. (2015) ‘Wear and Corrosion Studies on Ferritic Stainless Steel (Ss 409M)’, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 04(04), pp. 502–511. doi: 10.15623/ijret.2015.0404088.

Sathiya, P., Mishra, M. K. and Shanmugarajan, B. (2012) ‘Effect of shielding gases on microstructure and mechanical properties of super austenitic stainless steel by hybrid welding’, Materials and Design. Elsevier Ltd, 33(1), pp. 203–212. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2011.06.065.

Singh, J., Sharma, S. and Singh, A. P. (2019) ‘Oxidation Effects on wear Resistance of SS-304 and SS-316 Austenitic Stainless Steels’, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE), 8(10), pp. 2353–2357.

Suthar, F. et al. (2015) ‘Comparative Evaluation of Abrasive Wear Resistance of Various Stainless Steel Grades’, Ge-iIternational Journal of Engineering Research, 3(7), pp. 20–35.

Zhang, Y., Yin, X. Y. and Yan, F. Y. (2016) ‘Tribocorrosion behaviour of type S31254 steel in seawater: Identification of corrosion-wear components and effect of potential’, Materials Chemistry and Physics. Elsevier B.V, 179, pp. 273–281. doi: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.05.039.

`

Published

2022-10-20

Issue

Section

Mathematics ,Physics and Engineering Researches