Unpacking Challenges in the Path of Bureaucratic System and Institutionalization in the Kurdistan Region


  • Assist. Prof .Dr. Hiwa Majid Khalil Political Science College-College of Law - Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, IRAQ




This study delves into the intricate landscape of institutionalization and bureaucratic systems in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). The KRI grapples with centralization tendencies, impacting both political-economic structures and reform initiatives. Balancing these dynamics is crucial to ensure effective governance and responsive institutions. The study explores the interplay between political elites and the trajectory of institutionalization, unveiling a divergence between revolutionary and post-revolutionary phases. This schism fosters conflict, resulting in the division of the KRI into two spheres. The study employs qualitative research, drawing insights from nine in-depth interviews with experts across sectors. Through this approach, it sheds light on the complex challenges within the KRI's institutional landscape, emphasizing the need for cohesive governance amidst intricate power dynamics.


List of references

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Third: Legislations and International Agreements

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Fourth: Electronic Resources and Websites

Office of the Secretary of Defense (2023). Justification for FY 2024 Counter-Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) Train and Equip Fund (CTEF). available at: file:///C:/Users/ElectroMall/Downloads/Iraq&syria%202024.pdf

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Wahab, B. (2023). The Rise and Fall of Kurdish Power in Iraq, Washington Institute, https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/rise-and-fall-kurdish-power-iraq

Fifth: Interview

Abdulkakeem Khosro, PhD in Political Science, the Head of Department of Coordination and Follow-Up In Ninth Cabinet. Date of Interview 23/8/2022.

Chwas Hassan, Assistant Professor In Constitutional Law, Kurdistan parliament Consultant, Date of Interview 18/8/2022.

Hemn Merany, Assistant Professor in Political Science, Director General of Diwan at Ministry of Interior KRG, Date of Interview 30/8/2022.

Houssein Kordnejad, Economic Program Manager in Institute for Research and Development-Kurdistan, MA in Democratic Development, Date of Interview 30/1/2023.

Hussamaddin Ali Gilly, Assistant Professor, Collage of Political Science, Salahaddin University. Date of Interview 26/8/2022.

Layla Amir, PhD in Sociology, Former member of Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament, Date of Interview 24/3/2023.

Omer Nuraddini, Assistant Professor, Former member of Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament, Date of Interview 29/4/2023.

Zubir Rasool Ahmed, Assistant Professor, Collage of Political Science, Salahaddin University, Researcher in National Research Center/ Kurdistan Region Presidency. Date of Interview 21/8/2022.

Saro Qadir, Head of the Institute for Research and Development- Kurdistan (Interview on 7 June 2014 for researcher PhD project.



How to Cite

Assist. Prof .Dr. Hiwa Majid Khalil. (2024). Unpacking Challenges in the Path of Bureaucratic System and Institutionalization in the Kurdistan Region. Zanco Journal of Law and Politics گۆڤاری زانكۆ بۆ یاساورامیاری, 22(36), 177–198. https://doi.org/10.21271/ZJlP.22.36.8