The Challenges of Federalism as Ethno-Sectarian Conflict Regulation Model in Iraq


  • Dr. Yaseen Salih Hama Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research



Federalism. Ethnic Conflict Regulation. Iraq



The regulation of ethnic and sectarian conflicts has been one of the primary challenges faced by the Iraqi state since its creation in 1921. The 2005 constitution adopted federalism as a model to tackle the question of identity as well as ethnic and sectarian conflicts; nevertheless, federalism has not yet been able to resolve these skirmishes. This article looks at the reasons behind the ineffectiveness of Iraqi federalism. It also attempts to investigate the people’s perceptions toward this model. Scholars have discussed proposals for federal configuration in its various forms. However, the views and perceptions of various Iraqi communities involved in the conflicts have hardly been taken into consideration. This article aims to fill this gap in the literature by presenting, discussing and analyzing the Iraqi perspectives. It finds out that based on the cultural background, Iraqis have different perspectives toward suitable models for Iraq but federalism can be still considered as a compromise model between them.



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How to Cite

Dr. Yaseen Salih Hama. (2024). The Challenges of Federalism as Ethno-Sectarian Conflict Regulation Model in Iraq. Zanco Journal of Law and Politics گۆڤاری زانكۆ بۆ یاساورامیاری, 22(36), 78–101.